Author Guidelines

Manuscripts should follow a specific scientific writing structure.

1. Research title: Concise, clear, and informative titles written in both Indonesian and English, containing a maximum of 15 words.

2. Author's name and institution: Full names without abbreviations should be provided, and if there is more than one institution, they should be distinguished by number.

3. Contact details: Include the main author's name, institution address, phone number, and email using Arial font size 10 and single line spacing.

4. Abstract: Written in both Indonesian and English, with a maximum of 250 words each, presented as a single paragraph without subheadings. Include a brief summary and research conclusions, along with 3-5 keywords, using Arial font size 9 and single line spacing.

5. Introduction: A section without subheadings, providing the research's background, a concise review of relevant literature, and the research objectives, using Arial font size 11 and line spacing of 1.5.

6. Methods: A section without subheadings, describing the materials/components/objects under research, research design, samples, sampling method, and analysis techniques, using Arial font size 11 and line spacing of 1.5.

7. Literature search strategy: Inclusion or exclusion criteria, article search method, review method (article classification, data recording sheets), and data presentation should be included, using Arial font size 11 and line spacing of 1.5.

8. Tables, graphs, and figures: Should be inserted within the research manuscript and limited to a maximum of 5 tables and 3 graphs/figures, with a minimum resolution of 300 dpi. Provide clear numbering and descriptions above the tables and below the figures/graphs, using Arial font size 10 and line spacing of 1 for captions.

9. Discussion: This section should analyse the findings, address research questions, and relate them to other research results, using Arial font size 11 and line spacing of 1.5.

10. Conclusion: Summarize the results to answer the research objectives in paragraph form, without bullet points, using Arial font size 11 and line spacing of 1.5.

11. Acknowledgment: Express gratitude to individuals, institutions, and research funders who contributed to the study.

Bibliography: Follow the Vancouver system for referencing. Detailed examples can be found at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/uniform_requirements.html.